Notable people in the history of the Red Cross and Red Crescent
From the Committee of Five, that
became the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in the
1860s, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement has been led by men
and women of vision and integrity. They brought to the Movement
experience gained in varied professional lives.
There have been 13 presidents of
the ICRC starting with Henri Dufour in 1863-64. The current president,
Jakob Kellenberger took up the post at the beginning of this year.
Traditionally, the ICRC presisident is a Swiss national.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
(the Federation), founded in 1919 under the name "League of Red
Cross Societies", has had 13 chairmen
since Henry Davidson, an American, in 1919-22. The Federation's
current head is Juan Manuel Suárez del Toro Rivero from Spain,
elected in November 2001.
The Standing Commission, elected by the International Conference,
comprises members of National Societies and representatives of the
ICRC and the Federation. A principal function is to prepare for
the International Conference and the Council of Delegates.
There have been 10 chairmen of
the commission since Pierre Nolf, a Belgian, in 1928-34. Great names
in their ranks have included Sweden's Count Folke Bernadotte (1946-48)
and Britain's Countess of Limerick (1965-73). The current chairman
is Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, re-elected for a second
term during the 27th International Conference.
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