ICRC materials are available
from the International Committee of the Red Cross, 19 avenue
de la Paix, CH-1202 Geneva, Switzerland.
materials are available from the International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, P.O. Box 372, CH-1211
Geneva 19, Switzerland.
www.icrc.org for the ICRC
www.ifrc.org for the Federation
Megacities, reducing vulnerability to natural
BInstitution of Civil Engineers, London,1995
Inspired by the 1990s, which were proclaimed by the United
Nations as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction,
this book identifies ways in which urban developments are
vulnerable to the effects of natural hazards and illustrates
the strategies by which these effects can be miti-gated. It
provides an overview of natural hazards, outlines the issues
and strategies involved in mitigation, and discusses the roles
that city management and public awareness play in reducing
risk. It is intended for use in all cities and is aimed at
the widest possible audience, since nearly everyone can contribute
to successful disaster mitigation strategies.
Available in English from Thomas Telford Publications, Thomas
Telford Services Ltd, 1 Heron Quay, London E14 4JD, UK.
By Helen Young and Susanne Jaspars, Intermediate
Technology Publications Ltd, London, 1995
Despite increasing experience underlining the importance
of nutrition in emergencies, conventional nutritional wisdom
applied today is still essentially based on technical considerations,
not on practical experience. This work outlines contemporary
views of famine and nutrition; describes nutrition in action,
providing a detailed case study of nutritional surveillance
in Darfur, Sudan, from 1984 to 1991; and elaborates a conceptual
framework for understanding the relationship between nutrition
and famine. One of the central aims of the work is to shed
understanding about nutrition and famine from the perspective
of insiders in an effort to render intervention more appropriate
Available in English from Intermediate Technology Pub-lications
Ltd, 103-105 Southampton Row, London WC1B 4HH, UK.
NGO Coordination in Practice
By Jon Bennett, Earthscan Publications Ltd,
There has been a phenomenal increase in the number, size
and financial status of NGOs in the last 15 years. This increase
has brought NGOs into closer collaboration with each other
than ever before, yet coordination, particularly in situations
of emergency, has often been regarded as peripheral to the
main task of delivering assistance.
The introduction to this book explores recent trends in relief
aid and is followed by eight case studies selected for their
unique approach to NGO coordination at the field level.
In the foreword, the President of the International Council
of Voluntary Agencies says: “At a time when the UN and
other international agencies are in a state of crisis... this
volume is a timely reminder of the responsibilities of the
NGOs themselves to rationalise their own approaches to relief
and development work in the years ahead.”
Available in English from Earthscan Publications Ltd, 120
Pentonville Road, London N1 9JN, UK. GB£13.95.
Focus on Humanity: A Century of Photography
By Nicolas Bouvier, Michèle Mercier
and François Bugnion, Editions Skira, Geneva, 1995
Drawing extensively on the photographs in the ICRC’s
archives, this book reflects the evolution of international
humanitarian law and the role of visual images in humanitarian
action. Based on photo reports from the time of the Crimean
War up to the Second World War, the first part of the book
traces the history of the Geneva Conventions. The second part
draws on mostly unpublished photographs to illustrate wars
since 1950 — in Korea, Viet Nam, Biafra, the Middle
East, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and many other theatres of conflict.
Together they are the record of a century marked by deeds
of extreme heroism as well as utmost infamy, bringing hope
as well as despair.
Available in English and French from the ICRC. Sfr 68 (Sfr
48 for National Societies).
Faith, Hope and Courage: the great strengths
By Diana Miserez-Willday, The Adelphi Press,
Diana Miserez-Willday has spent most of her life working
with and for refugees, including with UNHCR and the International
Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. In Faith, Hope and Courage
she paints a broad picture of many situations brought about
this century by war, revolution, armed conflict and repression.
Some of the chapters focus on the experiences of individual
refugees. Others depict the work of the international agencies
active in the field. She also provides an analysis of events
reaching back in time which throws light on the instability
of much of today’s world, which has forced so many men,
women and children to lose all they possessed — except
their particular strengths: faith, hope and courage.
Available in English from the Adelphi Press, 4-6 Effie Road,
London SW6 1TD. Sfr 35.
Weapons: A Battle for Humanity
ICRC/Anglia Television Ltd., Norwich, 1995,
49 minutes 30 seconds
The effects of certain weapons have been so horrific that
some governments have intervened to ban them.
This film shows weapons disasters in history and their aftermath.
It investigates the problem of the use and the development
of certain weapons and illustrates the human scale of weapons
disasters in countries like Afghanistan and Angola. Victims,
weapons manufacturers, scientists and mine-clearance experts
are among the interviewees, as well as a Red Cross surgeon
in a field hospital treating war casualties. Finally, it recalls
the role of international legislation in preventing future
Available in English from the ICRC.
Voices from the Aftermath
ICRC, Cairo, 1995, 27 minutes
This documentary film relates the moving stories of four
women and children whose lives have been affected by war in
Israel and the occupied territories, Lebanon and Iraq.
The victims tell their own harrowing versions of events:
a boy of 12 shot and paralysed for life while riding his bike;
a Palestinian woman who has no idea what has become of four
of her sons arrested in 1982 in Beirut; a young woman who,
arrested for security reasons, spent most of her pregnancy
in prison, gave birth with her hands and feet handcuffed and
whose child spent the first 18 months of her life in prison;
and a doctor in a Baghdad hospital who has to treat patients
without enough drugs and equipment and whose own son is suffering
from a medical condition exacerbated by lack of protein.
The narrator is Faten Hamama, a grande dame of Egyptian
cinema. She makes an emotional appeal, as a mother, to governments
and armies to ensure a better respect for international humanitarian
law and to spare others the suffering that those portrayed
in the film have undergone.
Available from the ICRC in Arabic and English.
Italian Red Cross Museum
Italian Red Cross, Genova, 1995,
This video was produced to publicise the Italian Red Cross
Museum, which has been in existence since 1986. It tells the
story of the origins of the Red Cross, beginning with Henry
Dunant and the Battle of Solferino. A special section is devoted
to the Geneva Conventions, the Fundamental Principles and
the dissemination of international humanitarian law. A brief
glimpse of the museum’s halls and of some of the exhibits,
which include objects, photographs and documents spanning
130 years of Italian Red Cross activity, gives a foretaste
of what lies in store for the visitor.
Available from the Museo della Croce Rossa Italiana, Via
Primo Cavalieri 14, 16014 Campomorone, Genova, Italy. ITL
The Norwegian Red Cross has developed an interactive software
programme which is a data bank, a form of entertainment, and
a role-playing game all rolled into one. The idea is for players
to put themselves in the place of a member of a minority ethnic
group, and to resolve a humanitarian crisis.
The game’s hero is 17-year-old Jakac, who lives in
the imaginary country of Lokaya, itself in the grip of internal
strife and tensions between different ethnic groups. Having
witnessed the abduction of his father, the young man resolves
to find him, and players share Jakac’s frustrations
as he runs up against the incomprehension of the police and
is obliged to conduct his own investigation without any support.
The computer programme, called “Human Quest I”,
is highly educational. And the accompanying data bank includes
all kinds of information on the fundamental rights of the
individual and the consequences of violations of these rights.
It also provides users with a wealth of information on countries
where internal conflicts are currently being fought.
The programme provides teachers with an extremely valuable
tool for raising awareness of respect for human dignity, and
can also be used by National Red Cross or Red Crescent Societies
to spread knowledge of international humanitarian law.
Available in Norwegian and English from the Norwegian Red
Cross. Approx. US$100.
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