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Towards a comprehensive solution to the question of the emblem. Revised second edition
ICRC, Geneva, 2003
François Bugnion

This article outlines the history and assesses the prospects for resolving an issue of concern to the states party to the 1949 Geneva Conventions. It focuses on the emblem debate over the years up until May 2003. This edition relates developments that took place in the years 2000-2003 and also includes the draft Third Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions and Resolution 6 of the 2001 Council of Delegates of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.

Available from the ICRC in English and French.

Preparedness for climate change

International Federation and the Netherlands Red Cross, 2003 Presented during the 28th International Conference, this is a study to assess the future impact of climate changes on the frequency and severity of disasters and the implications for humanitarian response and preparedness. The Centre on Climate Change and Disaster Preparedness, established by the Netherlands Red Cross, assisted in the elaboration of the study.

Available in English from the Centre in electronic form at To order a hard copy send an e-mail to or a fax to
+31 (0)70 44557122. EUR 5.

Appeal 2004
International Federation, Geneva, 2004

The International Federation's Appeal 2004 seeks 217 million Swiss francs to fund 103 humanitarian assistance programmes worldwide. This year's appeal includes an unprecedented emphasis on health programmes which account for just over 40 per cent of the total.

Available from the International Federation in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.



Child Advocacy and Rehabilitation (CAR)
ICRC, Geneva, 2003

This film focuses on a programme run by the Sierra Leone Red Cross Society which helps children whose lives have been shattered by war. Children and young people up to the age of 18 receive counselling, catch up on basic schooling and learn job skills such as tailoring and building construction. The film shows how, for CAR's staff, who run activities in four centres in Sierra Leone, working with communities and families is vital to overcome the trauma and help give these children a new beginning.

Available from the ICRC in English.


A new life for Mohsin ICRC
Geneva, 2003

This video features a young man from Kabul, Afghanistan who was badly injured in an accident two years ago which left him paraplegic. This video tells the story of how he overcame his terrible injury and found a new role in life as a grocery shop owner, with the help of the ICRC's Home Care programme. This rehabilitation initiative helps spinal injury patients, like Mohsin, to regain health and mobility, improve their education and, if they wish, get started in business.

Available from the ICRC in English and Arabic.



ICRC web site in Russian and Spanish

The ICRC web site has just been launched in Russian ( Russian speakers can now consult online treaties of international humanitarian law and obtain information about issues of humanitarian concern and about ICRC action worldwide.

The Spanish language site ( now conforms to the architecture and design of the other ICRC sites in English, French and Arabic. The new presentation offers easier navigation and consultation. The Spanish language site offers a special focus on the action of the ICRC in Latin America.

The ICRC site now exists in English, French, Spanish, Arabic and Russian.

ICRC materials are available from the International Committee of the Red Cross, 19 avenue de la Paix, CH-1202 Geneva, Switzerland.

International Federation materials are available from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, P.O. Box 372, CH-1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland.

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