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Humanitarian History

short quiz

How well do you know Movement history? To find out, try these 15 questions about important moments and concepts during the Red Cross and Red Crescent’s 150-year history. The answers can be found by reading the current issue of the RCRC magazine and in the answer key at the bottom of the quiz.

1. In what country was the first National Society created in 1863?

  1. Germany
  2. France
  3. Switzerland
  4. Italy

2. When Gustave Moynier wrote the first four Fundamental Principles in 1875, which of the following were not among them?

  1. Foresight (to prepare in advance during peacetime)
  2. Solidarity (National Societies would establish mutual ties to help each other)
  3. Neutrality (the Red Cross will not take sides in politics or conflicts)
  4. Centralization (there is only one National Society in each country)

3) In what year did Jean Pictet develop and analyze the Seven Fundamental Principles that define the Movement’s current day humanitarian action?

  1. 1949
  2. 1955
  3. 1963
  4. None of the above

4) When were the Movement’s seven Fundamental Principles as they stand today unanimously adopted by the adopted by the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent?

  1. 1949
  2. 1965
  3. 1977
  4. None of the above

5) In what year did the Ottoman Empire relief society begin using a Red Crescent as an emblem for first-aid workers in the field?

  1. 1876
  2. 1895
  3. 1917
  4. None of the above

6) Who was the first ICRC delegate to visit Hiroshima after it was devastated by an atomic bomb in August 1949.

  1. Gustave Ador
  2. Marcel Junod
  3. Fritz Bilfinger
  4. None of the above

7) How many states signed the original 1864 Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field?

  1. 6
  2. 16
  3. 21
  4. None of the above

8) How many states have ratified the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and both Additional Protocols of 1977?

  1. 97
  2. 166
  3. 187
  4. None of the above

9) When was the first time that ICRC delegates visited prisoners of war during conflict?

  1. 1864, Danish-Prussian War
  2. 1915, First World War
  3. 1933, Spanish Civil War
  4. None of the above

10) Which of the following ICRC leaders and early delegates became the first female member of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1919?

  1. Marguerite Cramer
  2. Pauline Chaponnière-Chaix
  3. Suzanne Ferrière
  4. Zénaide Dessonnaz

11) In what year was the League of Red Cross Societies, which later became the IFRC, formed?

  1. 1918
  2. 1919
  3. 1920
  1. None of the above

12) In what year did the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies meet in Budapest, Hungary and decide to become the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)?

  1. 1965
  2. 1974
  3. 1989
  4. 1991

13) In the wake of the Second World War, states ratified the Geneva Conventions of 1949. In what key area did the 1949 Geneva Conventions differ from earlier conventions?

  1. they protected wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
  2. they stipulates for the first time that specific protections be provided for civilians during international conflict
  3. they expanded the applicability of international humanitarian law to internal, civil conflicts
  4. none of the above

14) Which of the following are true concerning Protocols I and II additional to the Geneva Conventions?

  1. they include provisions to protect civilians from indiscriminate attacks
  2. they extend protections under international humanitarian law during non- international civil conflicts.
  3. they were adopted in 1977
  4. All of the above

15) In what year did the key Movement actors sign the Seville Agreement to improve coordination and to specify who takes the lead (IFRC, ICRC or National Societies) in various types of field operations?

  1. 1919
  2. 1945
  3. 1977
  4. 1997

Click here for the answers



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