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The power of humanity
100 years of Red Cross and Red Crescent action in images
6
Lives in ruins


Earthquake, Turkey, 1976. On 24 November 1976 an earthquake shook the eastern part of Turkey. Over 150,000 people were affected and more than 20,000 homes destroyed. The Turkish Red Crescent immediately dispatched supplies and 49 sister societies responded to an international appeal. Nigeria-Biafra, 1967-1970. Over one million Ibo people in eastern Nigeria starved to death as a result of the civil war between government and rebel forces in the Biafra region.


India-Pakistan war, 1971, from which emerged the country of Bangladesh. In many countries at war, prisons are crammed full of civilians. If a civilian is not fortunate enough to be a well-known political opponent he or she has no individual identity behind prison walls. Prisoners' families and humanitarian organizations are the only ones who care about what happens to them, and their situation merely worsens with time. Focus on humanity.
7
There when it hurts


After World War II, blood donation and transfusion became an important area of activity for many National Societies. The AIDS epidemic caught many in the health sector unaware of the risks associated with distributing blood not tested for the HIV/AIDS virus. Thousands of people were infected with the virus as a result. This tragedy led the momentum to improve the quality of blood services worldwide.
Sahel, 1984. During the 1970s approximately 24 million people suffered from drought. The situation did not improve in the 1980s with around 5 million people in the Sahel region of Africa alone hit by drought.


Cambodia, 1995. An estimated 1.5 to 2 million people were murdered and many more were displaced during the Khmer Rouge rule in Cambodia between 1975-79. Red Cross messages are still collected and distributed by the ICRC to family members dispersed throughout the country. Since the Spanish civil war, Red Cross messages have been one of the most important activities of the ICRC.
Iraq, 1991. From 1980-1988, Iran and Iraq fought a bloody war. The ICRC, together with local authorities, continues to oversee the repatriation of prisoners of war from this conflict.
Vaccination campaign, Mozambique, 1982. Vaccination is a traditional activity of the Movement. In 1998, nearly 15 million people have been vaccinated against a variety of health risks by the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
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