Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
History

Sir Arthur Stanley (1938-46)

By the time Arthur Stanley became chairman of the International Council (previous name of the Standing Commission), he had spent a professional lifetime as a philanthropist, politician and a senior member of the British Red Cross Society.

The outbreak of World War Two in 1939 saw Stanley elected as chairman of the Joint War Organisation of the British Red Cross Society and of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.

Stanley’s concerns were not confined to Britain. He was a key player in an initiative taken by the American, British, French, Italian and Japanese Red Cross socities to expand the role of the Red Cross from its focus on World War One relief by estlishing the League of Red Cross Societies, later the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Stanley, who died in 1947 at the age of 78, was permanently disabled and frequently in pain after contracting rheumtic fever in the 1880s. But this did not hamper his activities through two world wars.

Sir Arthur Stanley

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