Seville Agreement --
formally known as "The Agreement on the Organization of the
International Activites on the Components of the international Red
Cross and Red Crescent Movement".
PART I - GENERAL
Article 1 Scope of the Agreement
1.1 The Agreement applies to those international activities which
the components are called upon to carry out in cooperation, on a
bilateral or multilateral basis, to the exclusion of the activities
which the Statutes of the Movement and the Geneva Conventions entrust
to the components individually.
1.2 The "international activities" of the components are the activities
of the National Societies defined in Article 3, paragraphs 3 and
5 of the Statutes of the Movement; the activities of the International
Committee of the Red Cross defined in Article 5, paragraphs 2, 3
and 4 of the Statutes of the Movement; and the activities of the
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
defined in Article 6, paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 of the Statutes of the
1.3 Pursuant to Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Statutes of the Movement,
the Agreement defines the organization of international activities
carried out in bilateral or multilateral cooperation between : -
the National Societies and their Federation;
- the National Societies and the ICRC;
- the National Societies between themselves;
- the ICRC and the Federation;
- the ICRC, the Federation and the National Societies.
1.4 Nothing in this Agreement shall be interpreted as restricting
or impairing the specific role and competencies of each component
according to the Geneva Conventions and their additional Protocols,
and under the Statutes of the Movement.
Article 2 : Object and Purpose of the Agreement
The object and purpose of the Agreement is :
a) to promote the efficient use of the human, material and financial
resources of the Movement and to mobilize them as rapidly as possible
in relief operations and development activities in the interest
of the victims of armed conflicts or of internal strife and their
direct results, as well as of natural or technological disasters,
and of vulnerable persons in other emergency and disaster situations
b) to promote closer cooperation among the components in situations
referred to in Article 2 a) above;
c) to strengthen the development of National Societies and to improve
cooperation among them, thus enabling National Societies to participate
more effectively in the international activities of the Movement;
d) to obviate differences between the components as to the definition
and the organization of their respective international activities
and responsibilities within the Movement;
e) to strengthen functional cooperation among the ICRC, the Federation
and National Societies.
Article 3 : Guiding Principles
The organization of the international activities of the components
is at all times governed by the values and principles which guide
the Movement, as enshrined in :
- the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent;
- the Statutes of the Movement;
- the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols.
Article 4 : Management Principles
Implicit in the Statutes of the Movement are two organizational
concepts which this Agreement defines as "the lead role" and "the
A) Lead Role
4.1 The Geneva Conventions and the Statutes of the Movement entrust
specific competencies to each component which therefore plays a
lead role in these matters.
4.2 The concept of lead role implies the existence of other partners
with rights and responsibilities in these matters.
B) Lead Agency
4.3 The lead agency concept is an organizational tool for managing
international operational activities. In a given situation, one
organization is entrusted with the function of lead agency. That
organization carries out the general direction and coordination
of the international operational activities.
4.4 The lead agency concept applies primarily in emergency situations
as referred to in Article 2 a) above, where rapid, coherent and
effective relief is required in response to the large-scale needs
of the victims, on the basis of an evaluation of these needs and
of the capacity of the National Society concerned to meet them.
4.5 Effective coordination between the components under the responsibility
and general direction of the lead agency requires the establishment
of appropriate mechanisms for consultation and a commitment by all
those taking part to abide by coordination rules and procedures.
4.6 The effectiveness of an operation depends on adequate prior
training and preparation of those carrying out the operation (emergency
Article 2 Object and Purpose of the Agreement
Article 3 Guiding Principles
Article 4 Management Principles
ll -- International Relief Activities
lll -- Strengthening of the Movement (Development and Functional
lV -- Implementation and Final Provisions
For the accompanying
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