Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
History

A timeline of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

1901

Henry Dunant awarded Nobel Peace Prize.

1906

Revision and development of 1864 Geneva Convention.

1907

Hague Conventions

  • Laws and customs of war on land (Convention No. IV)
  • Adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the 1906 Geneva Convention (Convention No. X)

1910

Henry Dunant dies.

1914-18

During World War One, Red Cross operates on a bigger scale than before. ICRC delegates visit prisoners of war and call for improvements in conditions of detention. Two million individual parcels sent to prisoners. Around 120,000 people seek out ICRC for information on captured missing military personnel. War reveals urgent need to protect civilian internees.

1917

ICRC wins Nobel Peace Prize

1919

League of Red Cross Societies formed in aftermath of World War One. Becomes League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 1983 and, from 1991, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

1925

Geneva Protocol - Prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare.

  Last Updated: 31 October 1999

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© 1999 | French (homepage) |
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