Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
History

A timeline of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

1928

Statutes of International Red Cross (revised in 1952 and 1986) adopted.

Recognition of respective mandates of the ICRC and League, and creation of an International Council - predecessor of today's Standing Commission.

1929

Geneva Conventions

  • Wounded and sick in armed forces in the field [revision of the 1906 Geneva Convention] (1st Convention)
  • Prisoners of war [supplements the 1899 Hague Convention No.II and 1907 Hague Convention No.IV] (2nd Convention)
  • Official recognition of the Red Crescent emblem (first used in 1876)

1939

League of Red Cross Societies moves headquarters from Paris to Geneva at outbreak of World War Two

1939-45

World War Two puts the Red Cross to tough test. At the outset, the ICRC got all parties to the conflict to extend provisions of 1929 Geneva Conventions to civilians of enemy nationality who were on the territory of a party to the conflict and had been arrested only because of their nationality. This was the case for French citizens living in France who were interned when war was declared. This protection was not extended to civilians of enemy nationality on occupied territory, such as Poland. Thus, people in Nazi concentration camps remained without protection.

1944

ICRC wins Nobel Peace Prize

1949

Geneva Conventions

  • The wounded and sick in armed forces in the field [revision and development of the 1929 Geneva Convention] (First Convention)
  • Wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea [revision and development of the 1907 Hague Convention No. X] (Second Convention)
  • Prisoners of war [revision and development of the 1929 Geneva Convention] (Third Convention)
  • Civilian persons [supplements the 1899 Hague Convention No.II and 1907 Hague Convention No. IV] (Fourth Convention)
  • The four Conventions contain a common Article 3 relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts
  Last Updated: 31 October 1999

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