Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
History

A timeline of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

1952

Revision of the Statutes of the International Red Cross.

1956

Draft rules for protection of civilian populations from indiscriminate warfare communicated to governments and National Societies ahead of discussion at International Conference of the Red Cross in New Delhi in 1957

1960

Start of decade of rapid increase in number of National Societies in the Red Cross and Rad Crescent Movement to more than 100 following new-found independance of many former colonies in Africa and Asia. Shift in global politics also involves League in series of man-made disasters, and hundreds of thousands of refugees, from wars in Vietnam, Congo and elsewhere.

1963

League launches mass development programme, involving countries recently-independent or about to gain independence, in the Caribbean and Africa.

ICRC and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies win Nobel Peace Prize

1965

Proclamation of Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross -- Humanity, Impartiality, Neutrality, Independence, Voluntary Service, Unity, Universality (incorporated in 1986 into the Statutes of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement).

1971

Movement meeting in Mexico City considers issues of "Red Cross in a Changing World", with emphasis on "presentation" and a "united front".

1972

Donald Tansley, executive vice-president of the Canadian International Development Agency, appointed to lead study into future role and other aspects of the Red Cross.

1975

"Tansley Report" published, meets mixed reaction. Report defines basic role of Red Cross as "provision of emergency help, on an unconditional and impartial basis, whenever and wherever human needs for protection and assistance exist because of natural disaster and conflict".

1975

First World Red Cross Conference on Peace in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Produces action programme but, in Bucharest in 1977, Red Cross's Council of Delegates fails to reach agreement on it.

  Last Updated: 31 October 1999

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