Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
History

A timeline of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

1976

Convention on protection of the environment. Prohibition of military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques.

1977

International Conference in Bucharest, Romania, considers "Tansley Report", with ICRC President Eric Martin calling it a "pitiless inquisition" and remaining cool about proposal for joint services with the League. Proposals on Red Cross becoming "lead agency" on disaster relief, on an evaluation of operations and on an International Relief Convention fade away. Conference proposes process of constant reappraisal within the Movement.

Protocols additional to 1949 Geneva Conventions 

  • Protection of victims of international armed conflicts (ProtocoI I)
  • Protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts (Protocol II)

1980

Conventional weapons treaty. Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of certain conventional weapons.

1981

Respect for International Humanitarian Law (IHL) emerges as a central theme for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

1983

League President Enrique de la Mata, putting human rights firmly on agenda, says League represents "efforts of those working for peace, not only by halting the evils of war or disaster, but by doing all they can to prevent war through the promotion of international comprehension and understanding and defence of justice and dignity".

1983

League of Red Cross Societies changes name to League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

1984

Second World Red Cross Conference on Peace, in Aaland, Sweden. Attended by ICRC, League and National Societies. Meeting, with East-West tensions, ends with call to "make peace all over the world a reality".

1986

Adoption of statutes of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

  Last Updated: 31 October 1999

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