ICRC materials are available
from the International Committee of the Red Cross, 19 avenue
de la Paix, CH-1202 Geneva, Switzerland.
materials are available from the International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, P.O. Box 372, CH-1211
Geneva 19, Switzerland.
www.icrc.org for the ICRC
www.ifrc.org for the Federation
Shelters from the Storm
Developments in International Humanitarian Law
Edited by William Malley, Australian Defence
Studies Centre, in cooperation with the Australian Red Cross,
The rules of international humanitarian law are designed
to provide protection for both combatants and non-combatants
when armed conflicts occur. The scope and effectiveness of
these rules remain a matter of controversy, and never more
so than in the post-Cold War era, where internal conflicts
have cost thousands of lives and seriously challenged the
humanitarian commitments of all concerned.
In December 1994, the Australian Red Cross and the Australian
Defence Studies Centre hosted the Second Regional Conference
on International Humanitarian Law. This book contains the
papers presented at the conference, together with selected
commentaries offered by participants, and records a noteable
landmark in the movement towards a law of armed conflict for
the 1990s and beyond.
Available in English from the Australian Defence Studies
Centre, University College, University of New South Wales,
Canberra ACT 2600.
War and Public Health
By Dr Pierre Perrin, ICRC, Geneva, 1996
This manual is designed for health professionals involved
in humanitarian activities during armed
conflict. It deals with the major health problems suffered
by displaced populations and shows, stage by stage, how it
is possible to put in place a health system able to respond
to the basic needs of people affected by a conflict.
The book also expands on the question of protection of conflict
victims, in particular with regard to those aspects of humanitarian
law directly related to health. In addition, it provides food
for thought for health workers on the ethical problems that
can arise during humanitarian interventions.
Available in English and French from the ICRC. Sfr 35.
Choosing our Future: Visions of a Sustainable
Edited by Tanvi Nagpal and Camilla Foltz, World
Resources Institute, 1995
In a mere 50 years, life for millions of people will be
very different from what it is today as a result of population
growth, increased energy use, climate change and other potentially
devastating trends. Despite growing recognition of the need
for more “sustainable” systems to avert these
risks and ensure a better future, practical guidance on “sustainabi-lity”
is hard to find.
This collection of candid essays and informal interviews
offers some real-life answers. Individuals from over 30 countries
— an ambulance driver in Zimbabwe, an economist in Argentina,
a geographer in Russia, a dancer in Mongolia, and dozens more
— describe their visions for a sustainable future and
what they hope the world will be like for their grandchildren.
The book brings a human perspective, with fresh ideas and
new ways of thinking, to the
growing literature on sustainable development.
Available in English from World Resources Institute, 1709
New York Avenue, N.W., Washington D.C. 20006, USA. US$14.95.
First Aid: Responding to Emergencies
Australian Red Cross, Melbourne, 1995
As part of a nationwide campaign to improve first-aid skills
among the general public, the Australian Red Cross has published
a comprehensive manual on how to deal with just about any
medical emergency. Topics covered range from cardiopulmonary
resuscitation and emergency childbirth to broken limbs and
snake bite. The clearly presented step-by-step guidelines
on what to do when confronted by such an emergency are aided
by colour photographs and diagrams.
Each chapter begins with a typical case study introducing
its subject matter, follows with an easy to understand explanation
and ends with a study guide.
Available in English from the Australian Red Cross, 206 Clarendon
Street, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia. Aus$ 29.95
The Humanitarian Diplomacy of the ICRC and
the Conflict in Croatia (1991-1992)
By Jean-François Berger, ICRC, Geneva,
When war broke out in Croatia in the summer of 1991, it
sounded the death knell of Tito’s Yugoslavia. The magnitude
of the tragedy which spilled over into neighbouring Bosnia-Herzegovina
was the most serious threat to peace in Europe since the Second
World War. In the face of this immense challenge, the ICRC
initiated intricate negotiations with all the parties to the
conflict on the basis of the Geneva Conventions.
Head of the ICRC’s Yugoslavia taskforce between 1991
and 1992, the author takes a look at the successes and failures
of this difficult negotiation process and, with the benefit
of hindsight, draws conclusions based on the experiences of
Available in English and French from the ICRC. Sfr 17.
Somalia, Rwanda and Beyond
Edited by Edward Girardet and co-edited by
Andrea Bartoli and Jeffrey Carmel, Crosslines Communications
Ltd, Ireland, 1995
The purpose of this book is to explore the role of the international
media in the reporting of wars and humanitarian crises. By
focusing on recent conflicts in Somalia, Rwanda and Chechnya,
as well as on long-running and often ignored wars in Angola
and Sri Lanka, it aims to highlight some of the trends now
affecting the quality of journalistic reporting. It consists
of a series of essays by journalists, analysts and representatives
of humanitarian agencies. The issues they raise are intended
to stimulate debate and help find ways for the media and aid
agencies to work together more effectively.
Available from Crosslines Global Report, P.O. Box 171, CH-1211
Geneva 20, Switzerland. US$ 15.
Water and War
ICRC, Geneva, 1995
This is a report on the proceedings of a symposium on water
in armed conflicts organised by the ICRC
in Montreux, Switzerland in November 1994. The aim of the
symposium, which brought together aid agencies, health professionals,
water and sanitation engineers, lawyers and journalists, was
to draw the international community’s attention to the
problems engendered by the use of water as a weapon to destroy
or subjugate whole communities during wartime. By raising
awareness of the matter, the ICRC hopes to ensure better protection
for civilians from the abuse and misuse of water resources
during hostilities, in particular the destruction of pumping
installations and the disruption of water-supply systems.
Available in English from the ICRC. Sfr 25.
Enfants sans enfance
By Paulo David, Hachette, Paris, 1995
Although their rights have been universally recognised since
1989, children throughout the world continue to be neglected,
abused, exploited, tortured and murdered. This book, entitled
“Children without childhood”, has a dual purpose:
first, to make the point that a human rights approach is applicable
to this most vulnerable sector of the population and, second,
to analyse possible solutions and foster a greater understanding
of the complexities of the problem, in order to bring about
more literal respect for the rights of the child.
The author, a former journalist who has worked for the Federation
and is currently a member of the secretariat of the UN Committee
on the Rights of the Child, illustrates his case with numerous
examples of cruel violations and inappropriate responses and
explores the difficulties that the international community
has encountered in putting the rights of the child into effect.
Available in French from Hachette Livre S.A.,43, quai de
Grenelle, 75905 Paris Cedex 15, France.
Life in a field hospital
By Jean-Bernard Menoud in cooperation with
the ICRC, Geneva, 1996, 52 minutes
This film transports you to an ICRC surgical hospital located
in a no-man’s-land between Kenya and Sudan and immerses
you in the daily life and routine of its staff and patients.
Here, surgeons, nurses, physiotherapists and other medical
staff from National Societies around the world live in temporary
isolation in the service of the victims of the forgotten conflict
in southern Sudan. The staff’s experiences and impressions,
the patients’ own stories, scenes of suffering and immense
fortitude — even humour — combine to provide a
vivid picture of the daily rhythms of the hospital set against
the backdrop of the African bush.
Available in English and French from the ICRC.
ICRC Retrospective 1995
ICRC, Geneva, 1996, 13 min. 20 sec.
As each year, the ICRC looks back over its humanitarian
activities of the previous 12 months. In 1995, the year which
marked the 50th anniversary of the end of the Second World
War and also the 50th birthday of the United Nations, there
seemed to be no let up in the suffering and loss of life caused
by armed conflict. The powerful images, many from archive
and news footage, are a stark reminder that the hopes and
promises of peace shared by all in the aftermath of the war
and again at the end of the Cold War have yet to be realised.
Available from the ICRC in English, French, German, Italian,
Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Japanese and Russian. Also available
with International Soundtrack (IT). VHS copy Sfr 20.
Community and Shelter
Oxfam America, Boston, 1996,
Community and Shelter are the first and
second parts of a series of educational videos produced by
Oxfam America, the international development and disaster
relief organisation. Shelter depicts how loss of
life and livelihood from cyclones in Bangladesh has dramatically
decreased after a project to build cyclone shelters, plant
trees and conduct disaster preparedness training was initiated.
Community portrays the dramatic social and economic
transformation of a community through local development initiatives,
which includes micro-credit schemes and gender-awareness training.
Available in English from Oxfam America, 26 West Street,
Boston, MA 0211-1206, USA.
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