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On the ruins of war in Angola


Kuito. Landmine victims learning to walk with prosthetic limbs. Angola is one of the countries most affected by mines and unexploded ordnance. Civilians, according
to the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, accounted for 56 per cent of
total casualties recorded in 2001 in the country.

The Movement in action

In cooperation with the Angola Red Cross, the ICRC is primarily involved in:
Distribution of food and essential relief supplies
Support for agricultural projects benefiting nearly 60,000 people
Landmine awareness initiatives among the civilian population
Distribution of Red Cross messages, tracing, reunification of family members separated by the conflict and registration of unaccompanied children
Orthopaedic programmes for more than 3,000 amputees, in liaison with the Ministry of Health
Support to primary health-care centres
HIV/AIDS prevention programmes
Provision of surgical and paediatric wards of the Huambo hospital with supplies for the treatment of 30,000 patients
Water and sanitation projects
Promotion of international humanitarian law among the armed forces, the police, political authorities and civilians

The Federation supports the Angola Red Cross and aims at assisting 100,000 beneficiaries in nine provinces for the next six months. Its main activities are:

Rehabilitation and support of Angola Red Cross' health posts which were destroyed during the civil war
Training of volunteers

HIV/AIDS awareness programmes

Restocking of essential drugs and laboratory equipment

Rehabilitation of clean water supply lines and sanitation

Luanda, 5 October 2002. Branca, kidnapped by UNITA forces in 1998,
is reunited with her aunt after four years of separation.

Luanda, 5 October 2002. Many children are still looking for their relatives,
like this girl being photographed by an ICRC tracing employee.

Angola in summary

13 million inhabitants, of whom 4 million
are displaced
Infant mortality: 250 per 1,000 births
750,000 children under the age of 15 have lost their mother or father or both parents

Average life expectancy: 47 years

Half the population lives in poverty (less than US$ 4 a day)

Second-largest oil producer in Africa

Less than 10 per cent of the national budget allocated to social sectors

Sources: UNICEF, IMF

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